By the initiative of Yerevan State Medical University and YSU Faculty of Law Student Scientific Societies a conference, headed Medical-legal Issues of Transplantation.
YSMU Head of Chair of General and Bioorganic Chemistry, Vice-rector on Scientific Activities Magda Melkonyan, welcoming the conference participants, said that the vaccination has got a special place among all other branches in medicine. If in other cases the problem is solved in the framework of patient-physician relations, here we deal with the moral, ethical and legal issues.
YSU Faculty of Law Dean, Doctor of Law Professor Gagik Ghazinyan expressed his hope that future doctors and lawyers will offer various solutions for this issue via such kinds of conferences.
Transplantation: Medial Bases report was presented by YSMU General Medicine 5th year student Araks Davtyan. She spoke about the cases and types of transplantation. The transplantation is applied for different organs of the same body, as well as the organ can be transplanted for other man (usually heart, liver, reins, bone marrow and cornea). Organs of animals can also be used for humans. If the genetic structure is the same transplantation between the donor and recipient is possible, too.
The report states that the following cases can serve as donors: heart damage, brain hemorrhage, people who have died from the cardiac arrest and respiratory. And people who suffer from different infections, cancer and high blood pressure can not be donors.
YSU Faculty of Law 1st year master student Tatevik Nerkararyan made a report headed The reflection of international legal norms in the RA legislation regarding the issues of organs and (or) tissues transplantation.
The transplantation of human organs and tissues are regulated by Oviedo Convention and Strasbourg Record of Proceedings, adopted by the Council of Europe, but Republic of Armenia has not ratified both documents. We should mention, anyway, that beginning with 2002 law On Human organs and (or) tissues transplantation is adopted in Armenia.
Speaking about the legal omissions in this area, the reporter said that generally our legislation corresponds to the norms of the international law. Armenia is the member of World Health Organization and has got its direct impact in the process of this areas regulation.
World Health Organization has adopted the general bases on the transplantation of human organs, tissues and cells. There are some points, available in the RA legislation, which are not fixed in the international legal acts.
11th article of the RA Law on Transplantation of human organs and (or) tissues states about the limitations regarding the donor selection, according to which citizens who are not adult (are not 18 years old or more) can not be donors, the only exception here is in the case of bone marrow, as well as citizens, who are recognized officially as invalids, pregnant women, citizens, serving sentences in the jails.
A number of other issues in this area were discussed in the end of the seminar.